Wednesday, July 20, 2016

archlinux - graphical user interface

The below configuration has a great performance; it's been running on an old laptop Intel Centrino 1.7Ghz with 1Gb RAM and 100Gb HDD

Display server: Xorg

# pacman -S xorg-server xorg-server-utils xorg-apps

Display drivers: intel

# pacman -S xf86-video-intel

Desktop environments: Xfce

# pacman -S xfce4 xfce4-goodies xfce4-whiskermenu-plugin

xinitrc: The ~/.xinitrc file is a shell script read by xinit and by its front-end startx. It is mainly used to execute desktop environments, window managers and other programs when starting the X server (e.g., starting daemons and setting environment variables). The xinit program starts the X Window System server and works as first client program on systems that are not using a display manager.

- first create a copy of the default xinitrc in home directory:

# cp /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ~/.xinitrc

- Append desired commands and remove/comment the conflicting lines.


if [ -d /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d ] ; then
    for f in /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/?*.sh ; do
        [ -x "$f" ] && . "$f"
    unset f

# twm &
# xclock -geometry 50x50-1+1 &
# xterm -geometry 80x50+494+51 &
# xterm -geometry 80x20+494-0 &
# exec xterm -geometry 80x66+0+0 -name login

## some applications that should be run in the background
xscreensaver &
xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr &

exec startxfce4

- when executing # startx the graphical user interface will be displayed, in this case Xfce

Desktop environments: GNOME

#  pacman -S gnome gnome-extra

- same as Xfce, first create a copy of the default xinitrc in home directory and append desired commands and remove/comment the conflicting lines.

exec gnome-session

Display manager: GDM

# pacman -S gdm
# systemctl enable gdm.service

Enable Network to be managed using GUI:

# pacman -S networkmanager network-manager-applet dhclient
# systemctl enable NetworkManager.service


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